O pocieszeniu, jakie daje niekonkluzywność
On the consolation of inconclusiveness
The paper attempts to revisit Bakunin’s critique of the authority based on religion and politics, presented in his essay “God and State.” The main thesis argued in the paper is that Bakunin’s intuitions are still as relevant and accurate today, as they were in the 19th century. The study aims at finding those intuitions in some of the disputes present in contemporary continental philosophy. Elaborating on this premise, the authors postulate that in the context of modern socio-political environment, Bakunin’s original contention — that all authority, whether religious or political, stems from the same subservient disposition of the human subjects, which allows the tyranny to persist — should take into account the modern forms of oppression, such as the system of knowledge and language. The paper applies analytical tools taken from Rancière’s philosophical work to re-equip Bakunin’s critique of Marx for the challenges introduced by the fact that left-wing models of emancipation have failed to deal with 21st-century capitalism.
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